The planet is blessed with many natural resources that help sustain life and thus, making it truly unique. The many natural resources available to man include rain water, minerals, the soil and the atmosphere. Rainwater is by far the most important as it truly sustains life. History reveals that all through time civilizations have thrived in regions with plenty of water. However, with industrialization and subsequent urbanization, global warming and a growth in the world population it has been difficult to achieve an equable and regular distribution of usable water.
Most rain water is lost as surface run off, draining into the soil or the sea. This leaves the world population with limited water resources to tap for all domestic and industrial requirements. A rain water system can be studied in two categories – the natural rain water system and the manmade rain water system. In the case of the former, the natural rain water system, rain water collects in bodies of water such as ponds, rivers and lakes and the overflow finds a path to the sea where, due to the salinity, much of the water is not usable without the use of expensive desalination plants. In a natural water system people are left with whatever water has been collected in dams, lakes and rivers until the next rainfall.
In the case of a manmade rain water system, rain water can be sourced from surface run off areas such as roof tops and directed towards a storage facility. From here the water is again routed via piping to where it is needed. The best examples of this include wells, tube wells, dams, artificial ponds and the latest rain water harvesting systems. The onus of retaining and reusing this precious natural renewable resource is on us and the faster the existing world population acknowledges this responsibility, the better for future generations. Rain water harvesting systems can be precious heirlooms passed on by the present society to future generations.
By using these engineered units it is now possible to source water for domestic and industrial use even in hot and dry summer months. With the rise in the demand for water, it has become imperative that we install water collection equipment and re use surface water during downpours. The technique used is simple and absolutely safe for families and structures. A rain water harvesting systems comprises a storage unit – usually a tank, connected with pipes.
While a pipe on one side of the tank d – aquifers or artesian water directs the water from roof tops into the tank, pipes on the other side take the filtered water to the desired outlet or tap. A simple in built filtration system keeps debris and sediments at bay and even if the water is not usable for drinking, it is absolutely safe for other domestic and industrial requirements like washing, cleaning etc. Natural rain water systems need to be complemented with manmade rain water systems to meet ever-increasing demands on the scarce resource of water.
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