Rainwater harvesting is the result of awareness towards the tip in the balance between the demand and supply of this important resource. Although renewable and fueled by the humidity and heat that summer brings, the availability of water is not enough for consumption or the other needs of the growing populace all over the world. However, the solution has come in the way of alternatives such as synthetic storage systems, tanks or barrels that are either fitted on the surface or underground. The aim is to replicate nature’s way of storing water below the surface of the earth, on a layer or rocks. The synthetic storage systems are designed with food grade plastic and components that compliment the effort.

Rainwater storage systems involve rainwater harvesting in various stages, including filtration and re-routing the stored water for use later. The water is routed from surface areas where the water is known to collect and then within the storage tank, the water is purified. The segments within the barrels or tanks purify the water via filtration or any other preferred system and the water is then re-routed to a surface source from where it is made available for consumption or otherwise. The stored rainwater within the rain water storage system can be passed through pipes or drains and thus is very useful in arid areas. The reuse of the water is the fundamental aim of rainwater harvesting and the system is designed to collect as much of rain water as possible, each season.

The rain water storage system directly receives the rain water and fills up. The materials used in the effort include reinforced cement concrete, plastic or galvanized iron and the material and design of the rain water storage system is greatly determined by the capacity specified, the budget and the terrain. The slopes created around the edges of the identified ‘collection’ or surface run off areas help to collect the rainwater within the storage system. The catchment areas are identified in accordance to the observed flow of rain water during the heaviest precipitation. The existent construction around the terrain identified for the installation of the water storage system also influences the material choice and the capacity of the system.

The conduits that carry the stored rain water to and from the harvesting system are usually made from polyvinyl chloride or galvanized iron. There are many online and offline resources that make rain water storage systems available and even help home and business property owners to customize the products to fit within the needs specified. The storage systems offer real value for the investment and help everyone involved in the choice-making to be a part of the conservation effort. The manufacturers offer a variety of standard and customized choices in the diameter of the main pipe. They also offer purification advice and help and great after sales support. The rain water storage system is designed on the basis of rainfall intensity and catchment area and is a great alternative to surface run off of rain water.

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